Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)



UTI- bacterial

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of the urinary system with most infections being in the bladder and urethra. UTIs are common bacterial infections that predominantly affects females more than males.

Symptoms usually include burning with urination, increased frequency of urination, blood in the urine, a strong odour in the urine, pelvic pain in women and rectal pain in men.

Anything that reduces bladder emptying the urinary tract can cause UTI. Antibiotics are used to treat the disease.   Sometimes, infection can resist antibiotics. A correct diagnosis with investigations will help in choosing the appropriate antibiotic treatment.

Symptoms


Urinary tract infection- symptom- man-vomiting

The symptoms of UTIs depend on the location of the infection and can be divided as lower UTIs and Upper UTIs.

Lower UTIs include infections of the urethra and bladder. Symptoms of a lower UTI can include frequent urination, a constant, dull pain in the pubic region, pain when urinating, cloudy urine or blood in your urine, urine that smells unusually unpleasant, back pain and a general sense of feeling unwell.

Upper UTIs include infections of the kidneys and ureters. The symptoms usually include high temperature, shivering, feeling sick, vomiting, and diarrhoea.

Causes


Urinary tract infection- unsafe sex

Most UTIs are caused by bacterial infections found in the gut or by blockages that make bladder emptying difficult. The bacteria can spread from the anus to the genital region, especially during washing, after passing stool in the toilet.

UTIs are more common in females than males and there can be several reasons which can cause a UTI such as sexual activity, poor hygiene, loss of estrogen, and use of bladder catheters.

Treatment


Urinary tract infection- drinking water

Antibiotics are used to treat UTIs. Lower UTIs are generally treated with oral antibiotics and for severe UTIs such as upper UTIs there may be the need for intravenous treatment.

Research suggests that cranberry juice may have properties to fight the UTIs. Drinking the juice daily may help prevent UTIs. Other measures to prevent UTIs include drinking fluids and maintaining good bathroom hygiene.

Home Remedies to cure UTI.

Source: Top 10 Home Remedies

Prevention


Urianry tract infection- prevention-clean hands

A UTI cannot always be prevented however certain measures which can help prevent UTIs include:

  1. Drinking plenty of water.
  2. Keeping and maintaining self-hygiene.
  3. Drinking cranberry or blueberry juice.
  4. Limiting the amount of sugar-rich foods.
  5. Avoiding or limiting alcohol consumption.

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