Sexual health can be defined as the overall well being of a person with regard to his sexuality. It is not just the absence of disease but a positive approach towards sex and related issues. Whether it is intimacy with your partner or communication about your desires to your partner, sexual health covers a wide range of subjects which require a good understanding on our part.
Sexual health encompasses sexuality, gender identity and sexual preferences of a person. It is the absence of fear, shame or guilt where sex is concerned. It has been studied and found that 20 % of the pregnancies worldwide end in abortion. This happens due to lack of knowledge about sex and related issues.
A basic knowledge about personal hygiene and preventive care against sexual diseases also forms an integral part of sexual health. It has been found in studies that half the population having STDs are not even aware of their conditions and only a little percentage of people get proper treatment. People must be made aware of various sexual diseases and their treatment.
Having safe sex which is enjoyable and enhances the quality of life of both the partners ensures a satisfied sex life for both partners. Sexual health is affected by social conditioning, upbringing and cultural factors.
Sexual health has several aspects, it means freedom from unwanted pregnancy, sexual violence and discrimination. According to the studies, 80-90 % of victims of sexual assault know their assailant. It must be noted that all sex should be consensual sex. Any other kind of sex is forced sex which is a crime and can be punishable if reported.
Everyone is unique and might have their own set of sexual preferences, thoughts or attitudes. It is good to be respectful towards every person’s choices and to try to understand his conditioning.
Feeling good about oneself and being able to communicate one’s desires is another important matter. It ensures good sexual choices and increases the chances of mutual satisfaction.
Having unprotected sex makes you vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases and can cause unplanned pregnancy as well. Some of the most common sexually transmitted diseases are:
Some of these conditions are curable whereas some are not, so its better to protect oneself against these diseases. One must use condoms or other contraceptive measures to avoid these complications.
There are many birth control measures available in the market like condoms, IUDs, sterilization and pills. Not all birth control measures might suit you, so its better to consult a doctor and then choose a safe and effective contraceptive that suits your needs.
There are certain symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases like:
A person should consult a doctor if he finds any of these symptoms on him.
Sex education is an important part of sexual health. It is good to know as much as you can about the various sexual conditions and issues. The teenage is a very vulnerable age. About 1 in 4 new HIV infections is among youths aged 13-24.This is a scary fact. Teenagers might indulge in early sex and may have to deal with unwanted pregnancy, abortions and the sexual diseases. Parents should talk about sex to their children and inform and educate them about sexual health as a whole. Teenagers should be taught to accept their body and come to terms with their gender identity.
Its good to have an understanding of the human anatomy and physiology and knowledge about the consequences of any sexual activity. Cultivating a healthy relationship with your partner also comes under sexual health. Learning to be comfortable with your body and sexuality goes a long way in helping you make responsible sexual choices and having a good sex life.