Postnatal depression



Postnatal depression- baby-blues

Postnatal depression is experienced by some women after childbirth. It is a common illness but is often not diagnosed. New fathers can also experience postnatal depression. Some symptoms of postnatal depression are feelings of irritation, unhappiness, guilt, sleeplessness, dejection, worthlessness and suicidal thoughts.

Postnatal depression can be assessed using a questionnaire called ‘Edinburgh postnatal depression scale.’ Postnatal depression can be caused by factors like low self-confidence, financial troubles, relationship issues, stressful life events or change in circumstances.

Talking treatments such as counseling and therapies are the most suitable however sometimes medications may be required in the treatment for postnatal depression.

Understanding Postnatal Depression!

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Symptoms


Postnatal depression- fatigue

Postnatal depression is a condition which may be linked to stress and mental disorders. The condition can affect a woman in many ways. The signs and symptoms of postnatal depression include:

  1. Continuous sense of tiredness or fatigue.
  2. Disturbed sleep or insomnia.
  3. Difficulty in concentration and making new decisions.
  4. Feelings of sadness and dejection.
  5. Avoiding social gatherings and loss of interest in the world around them.
  6. Suicidal or self-harming thought.

Postnatal depression can occur up to a year after childbirth, however it generally begins between two weeks to a month after delivery.

Postnatal depression Vs Postpartum blues

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Causes


Postnatal depression-couples fighting

There are certain factors such as physical, environmental and lifestyle issues which may cause postnatal depression such as:

  1. Family history of depression.
  2. Financial concerns.
  3. A troubled relationship.
  4. An unplanned pregnancy.

Treatment


Postnatal depression- talk therapy.

A good medical history and a set of specific questionnaires are used to diagnose postnatal depression. Certain blood tests are performed to confirm that the symptoms are not caused by other medical conditions.

Postnatal depression can be treated with talking treatments such as counseling and therapies. Medications may also be advised in some cases of postnatal depression. The key to the treatment of postnatal depression is early diagnosis.

Education Guide
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Prevention


Postnatal depression- sleeping mother with child

Education during pregnancy is the most efficient way of preventing postnatal depression.  Some ways by which the condition can be avoided are:

  1. Maintaining a healthy relationship with your partner.
  2. Sharing and having realistic expectations.
  3. Hiring support during pregnancy and after childbirth*.
  4. By sleeping as good as possible.
  5. By keeping fit and exercising.
  6. By eating healthy and good food.

*Many studies suggest that new mothers fare better when supported during pregnancy.

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