Nasal congestion



Description


nasal congestion
Source: webmd

Nasal congestion or “stuffy nose” occurs when nasal and adjacent tissues and blood vessels become swollen with excess fluid, causing a “stuffy” feeling. Nasal congestion may or may not be accompanied by a nasal discharge or “runny nose.” Nasal congestion usually is just an annoyance for older children and adults. But it can be serious in infants, who might have a hard time nursing or breathing as a result.

Causes


causes of nasal congestion
Source: blog.pinecreekmedicalcenter

The causes of nasal congestion are:

  1. Acute sinusitis.
  2. Bright lights.
  3. Chronic sinusitis.
  4. Churg-Strauss syndrome.
  5. Cluster headache.
  6. Cold temperature.
  7. Common cold.
  8. Decongestant nasal spray overuse.
  9. Deviated septum.
  10. Drug addiction.
  11. Dry air.
  12. Dust mite allergy.
  13. Enlarged adenoids.
  14. Food allergy.
  15. Foreign body in the nose.
  16. Hay fever.
  17. High blood pressure medications.
  18. Hormonal changes.
  19. Influenza (flu).
  20. Latex allergy.
  21. Medications.
  22. Milk allergy.
  23. Mold allergy.
  24. Nasal polyps.
  25. Nonallergic rhinitis.
  26. Occupational asthma.
  27. Other infections.
  28. Peanut allergy.
  29. Perfume.
  30. Pet allergy.
  31. Pregnancy.
  32. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
  33. Shellfish allergy.
  34. Soy allergy.
  35. Spicy foods.
  36. Stress.
  37. Thyroid problems.
  38. Tobacco smoke.
  39. Wegener’s granulomatosis.
  40. Wheat allergy.

When to see a doc


Nasal congestion- when to see a doc
Source- excedrin

Consult your doctor if:

  1. The symptoms last more than 10 days.
  2. One has high fever, particularly if it lasts more than three days.
  3. Nasal discharge is green and is accompanied by sinus pain or fever. This may be a sign of a bacterial infection.
  4. One is suffering from asthma or emphysema, or taking any immune-suppressing medications.
  5. One has blood in the nasal discharge or a persistent clear discharge after a head injury.

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