Dementia- memory loss

Dementia is not a disease, but a term for a number of symptoms. It is a condition that affects the brain and in particular memory.  There are various forms of dementia depending on which part of the brain is affected and how the disease progresses.

People with dementia have problems in thinking, remembering, planning ahead and it is a progressive disorder. People suffering from dementia gradually become dependent on a carer. Senile, vascular, alzheimer’s and lewy body are some of the various forms of dementia.

Documentary about behavioral changes and challenges faced by dementia patients!

Source: Sindhu Eldo


Dementia symptoms

Dementia affects the brain’s ability to think, reason and remember clearly. Most types of dementia are slow and progressive. It is possible for a patient to have two types of dementia at the same time and it is known as mixed dementia.

Additional psychological and behavioral problems that often affect people who have dementia are confusion, depression, anxiety, agitation, balance problems, tremors, speech and language difficulties, trouble eating or swallowing, delusions or hallucinations and being impulsive inappropriately.

Diagnosis of dementia may be aided by cognitive tests, brain scanning techniques and laboratory tests.



The causes of dementia vary depending on the type of dementia resulting in changes in the brain. There can be an abnormal build-up of proteins such as in Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia, caused by blood clots in the vessels of the brain, is called vascular dementia.

Some causes of dementia can be reversed with treatment, but unfortunately most cannot. Some disorders that cause dementia can run in families. Doctors often suspect an inherited cause if someone younger than 50 has symptoms of dementia.



There is no cure for dementia except for the treatable type of the disease. There are medications for dementia which only slow or minimize the symptoms of the disease. Cognitive and behavioral interventions may be appropriate.

Educating and providing emotional support to the patient and their family is of prime importance. Exercise programs are beneficial and potentially improve the symptoms of dementia.

Things to remember as a carer of dementia patients!

Source: M.I.N.D. (Moving In Nurturing Directions)


Dementia-proper sleep

Research is continuing as to the causes of the various forms of dementia which will help in understanding the condition and preventing the disease. There are certain measures which may reduce the risk of dementia such as:

  1. Regular exercise and staying fit.
  2. Healthy dietary habits.
  3. Mental stimulation in the form of reading, games or other such activities.
  4. An active social life.
  5. Quality sleep.
  6. Stress management.

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